[24][25], It was introduced into the Philippines from Hawaii as part of an exchange program between the United States and the Philippines; however, it managed to escape and has become naturalized in the islands. L. camara reduces the productivity in pasture through the formation of dense thickets, which reduce growth of crops as well as make harvesting more difficult. Lantana glandulosissima Hayek; Lantana mexicana Turner; Lantana mixta Medik. Effective management of invasive L. camara in the long term will require a reduction in activities that create degraded habitats. Green unripe fruits are inedible to humans and animals alike. [4], Many butterfly species feed on the nectar of L. camara. camara. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Magnoliophyta – Flowering plants Class form a strategic partnership called N.C. Cambridge University Press. [21], L. camara has also colonized areas of Africa, Southern Europe, such as Spain and Portugal, and also the Middle East, India, tropical Asia, Australia, New Zealand, and the US, as well as many Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Ocean islands. Camara vulgaris[3]. Simple, opposite or whorled, toothed, ovate, fragrant when crushed. Thankfully, botanist August von Hayek re-named it Lantana urticoides, calling upon its resemblance with nettles (the Urtica family) in … The last name is the 431,188 th most widely held family name on earth, held by around 1 in 9,132,263 people. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. [10], L. camara can outcompete native species, leading to a reduction in biodiversity. Lantana camara, Lantana montevidensis. The flowers of L. camara are small and tubular, and arranged in clusters in terminal areas stems. [23] There is also evidence that L. camara is still increasing its range in areas where it has been established for many years, such as East Africa, Australia and New Zealand. Lantana plants for the garden can flower all year in warmer climates. [46], The name Lantana derives from the Latin name of the wayfaring tree Viburnum lantana, the flowers of which closely resemble Lantana. L. camara can survive in a wide range of climatic conditions, including drought, different soil types, heat, humidity and salt. flava (Medik.) Branches four-sided with recurved prickles. The Texas lantana, however, as you may gather from its common name, is native to Texas, as well as Mississippi, Arizona, Louisiana, and New Mexico. [3][43] L. camara has also been used in traditional herbal medicines for treating a variety of ailments, including cancer, skin itches, leprosy, chicken pox, measles, asthma and ulcers. LACAH. A recent study in India has shown some results around biological control of this plant using tingid bugs.[41]. Lantana moritziana Otto & A.Dietr. Lantana aculeata L. LACAA. Briq. Campus. Lantana camara. Lantana camara L. Preferred Common Name. Lantana Species 4. [12] It can also cause problems if it invades agricultural areas as a result of its toxicity to livestock, as well as its ability to form dense thickets which, if left unchecked, can greatly reduce the productivity of farmland. [44] Extracts from the plant have also been used in Brazil to treat respiratory infections. [45], Lantana camara has been grown specifically for use as an ornamental plant since Dutch explorers first brought it to Europe from the New World. Previously known as: Camara vulgaris. [4][5] Other common names of L. camara include big-sage (Malaysia), wild-sage, red-sage, white-sage (Caribbean), korsu wiri or korsoe wiwiri (Suriname), tickberry (South Africa),[6] West Indian lantana,[7] umbelanterna, and Gu Phool in Assam, India. Using herbicides to manage L. camara is very effective but also expensive, prohibiting its use in many poorer countries where L. camara is well established. Scientific Name: Lantana camara Common Name: Lantana Plant Characteristics. This is a climbing perennial (lives more than 2 years) shrub which forms dense thickets. Common name. Camara vulgaris Benth. Other common names of L. camara include big-sage (Malaysia), wild-sage, red-sage, white-sage (Caribbean), korsu wiri or korsoe wiwiri (Suriname), tickberry (South Africa), West Indian lantana, , umbelanterna and Gu Phool in Assam, India. ; Lantana armata Schauer; Lantana scabrida Sol. Scientific Name. [6] The formation of dense thickets of L. camara can significantly slow down the regeneration of forests by preventing the growth of new trees.[3]. There are many reasons why L. camara has been so successful as an invasive species; however, the primary factors which have allowed it to establish itself are: Lantana camara is known to be toxic to livestock such as cattle, sheep, horses, dogs and goats. Usually flowers and fruits as a shrub 1-4 m tall, sometimes growing as a disorganized climber but reaching well up into the trees. [9] The ability of L. camara to rapidly colonise areas of land which have been disturbed has allowed it to proliferate in countries where activities such as logging, clearance for agriculture and forest fires are common. Invasion of Exotic Weeds in the Natural Forests of Tropical India due to Forest Fire – A Threat to Biodiversity. Lantana is a gregarious, erect or half-climbing, somewhat hairy aromatic shrub; when erect, usually 1 to 2 meters high and when scandent, twice as high. Leaves and unripe, green berries can cause minor skin irritation. See below. [14] Due to extensive selective breeding throughout the 17th and 18th Centuries for use as an ornamental plant, there are now many different L. camara cultivars. Species: Lantana horrida Kunth Species: Lantana insularis Moldenke – island lantana : Species: Lantana involucrata L. – buttonsage : Species: Lantana montevidensis (Spreng.) Papilio homerus, the largest butterfly in the western hemisphere, is known to feed on the nectar of the flowers as an opportunistic flower feeder. Lantana will perennialize in the warm coastal areas of N.C. Scientific Name : Lantana camara Common Name : Lantana Hardiness Degree : 32°F (0.0°C) Blooming Season : Summer Plant Habit : Mounded Characteristics : Attracts Butterflies, Deer Resistant, Drought Tolerant, Attracts Hummingbirds, Scented Foliage, Heat Tolerant Water : Light Fertilize : Once a week Spacing : 12" (30cm) Height : 12-16" (30-41cm) Width : 12-14" (30-36cm) [40], The lack of success using biological control in this case is most likely due to the many hybrid forms of L. camara, as well as its large genetic diversity which makes it difficult for the control agents to target all plants effectively. [3], L. camara has small tubular shaped flowers, which each have four petals and are arranged in clusters in terminal areas stems. VIDEO Created by Elisabeth Meyer for "Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers" a plant identification course offered in partnership with Longwood Gardens. Mechanical control of L. camara involves physically removing the plants. Physical removal can be effective but is labour-intensive and expensive,[6] therefore removal is usually only appropriate in small areas or at the early stages of an infestation. Shrub verbena is another name for this strong smelling tropical perennial, and the tight heads of flowers closely resemble verbena in appearance. The plant is native to the Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean (i.e. [35] L. camara also excretes allelopathic chemicals, which reduce the growth of surrounding plants by inhibiting germination and root elongation. Pentacyclic triterpenoids, Triterpenes (lantadene A & B), Annuals, Perennials, Vines, and Groundcovers. Lantana camara (common lantana) is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family (Verbenaceae), native to the American tropics. The leaves are broadly ovate, opposite, and simple, and exhibit stron… Description. Duration: Perennial, Evergreen Growth Habit: Shrub, Vine Hawaii Native Status: Introduced. The original scientific name of Lantana horrida refers to the strong smell of the leaves that can affect sensitive persons. [22][23] It has become a significant weed in Sri Lanka after escaping from the Royal Botanic gardens in 1926. LACAF. [10][11] It first spread out of the Americas when it was brought to Europe by Dutch explorers and cultivated widely, soon spreading further into Asia and Oceania where it has established itself as a notorious weed, and in Goa it was introduced by the Portuguese. When the leaves are crushed, a strong and … The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Lantana aculeata L.[2] [37] However, other studies have found evidence which suggests that L. camara fruit poses no risk to humans when eaten, and is in fact edible when ripe.[38][39]. S. Ranwala, B. Marambe, S. Wijesundara, P. Silva, D. Weerakoon, N. Atapattu, J. Gunawardena, L. Manawadu, G. Gamage. It has escaped gardens throughout the world and is considered to be a noxious weed in many frost-free/tropical … ; Lantana tiliifoliaCham. Lantana (Lantana camara) is one of the 20 Weeds of National Significance (WoNS) in Australia. Vomiting, diarrhea, dilated pupils, labored respiration, weakness, Liver failure - more common in livestock; the leaves may cause dermatitis. Preferred Scientific Name. L. camara also attracts butterflies and birds and is frequently used in butterfly gardens. Branches four-sided with recurved prickles. Lantana camera is a small, perennial shrub often used as a houseplant, in hanging baskets or in flower gardens as a … The fruit of L. camara is a berry-like drupe which turns from green to dark purple when mature. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. aculeata (L.) Moldenke. [30], Even though L. camara is considered invasive to the Western Ghats, the plant does not seem to impact biodiversity in the region; rather it tends to simply occupy the same moist regions as other species.[31]. The genus name is derived from the epithet of Viburnum lantana, because of the close resemblance of their inflorescences and opposite leaves. [33][34] The active substances causing toxicity in grazing animals are pentacyclic triterpenoids, which result in liver damage and photosensitivy. Golden Yellow Pot of Gold Little Lucky Lantana, Live Perennial/Annual Plant with Reblooming Flowers Model# 3827Q $ 22 98 Lantana camara leaves are boiled and applied for swellings. Lantana camara stalks have been used in the construction of furniture, such as chairs and tables;[42] however, the main uses have historically been medicinal and ornamental. Its showy orange blooms give the plant an almost tropical feel. In agricultural areas or secondary forests it can become the dominant understorey shrub, crowding out other native species and reducing biodiversity. [15] The flower has a tutti frutti smell with a peppery undertone. Scientific Name: Lantana camara Common Name: Lantana Hardiness Degree: 32°F (0.0°C) Blooming Season: Summer Plant Habit: Mounded Characteristics: Attracts Butterflies, Deer Resistant, Drought Tolerant, Attracts Hummingbirds, Scented Foliage, Heat Tolerant In frost free areas, it grows as a low, trailing, woody shrub to only 12-20" tall, but spreads by vine-like stems to 5' wide or more. Weed * Stem. 'Miss Huff' is the most cold-hardy lantana and makes a great choice for mass planting along rock walls or hillsides and it even does well in containers on the patio. Colors vary from yellow, red, white, pink, and orange. [8] It has spread from its native Central and South America to around 50 countries,[9] where it has become an invasive species. Lantana depressa Small – depressed shrubverbena : Species: Lantana exarata Urb. Moldenke. Leave are matt, mid-green, deeply veined and sometimes hairy. This naturalized ornamental garden plant is native to Central and South America. Some varieties, such as 'Miss Huff', 'Ham and Eggs' and 'Chapel Hill Yellow'  are frost-hardy throughout the warmer areas of the Piedmont. N.C. Lantana scabrida Ait. Lantana camara, commonly called lantana or shrub verbena, is native to the Central and South America. There are now dwarf forms of the plant as well as the trailing and bushy varieties of lantana. [19][20] It is found frequently in east and southern Africa, where it occurs at altitudes below 2000 m, and often invades previously disturbed areas such as logged forests and areas cleared for agriculture. Lantana. After pollination occurs the colour of the flowers changes (typically from yellow to orangish, pinkish, or reddish); this is believed to be a signal to pollinators that the pre-change colour contains a reward as well as being sexually viable, thus increasing pollination efficiency. Common lantana (L. camara), growing to 3 metres (10 feet) tall, is a weed in tropical America, but elsewhere it is much used as a garden plant.It blooms almost continuously with yellow, orange, pink, and white flower heads in various colour combinations. While both types of lantana have much in common, the wild lantana (Lantana horrida) has not been found growing natively north of Mexico. It has been found to have antimicrobial, fungicidal and insecticidal properties. [29] This can be particularly destructive in dry, arid areas where fire can spread quickly and lead to the loss of large areas of natural ecosystem. In contrast, in countries with large areas of intact primary forest, the distribution of L. camara has been limited.[9][27]. As an ornamental, L. camara is often cultivated indoors, or in a conservatory, but can also thrive in a garden with sufficient shelter. "Lantana - Weed of National Significance", "FLORAL COLOR CHANGES AS CUES FOR POLLINATORS", "Lantana and Hagonoy: Poisonous weeds prominent in rangeland and grassland areas", "Forest Invasive Species: Country Report", Post-entry risk assessment of invasive alien flora in Sri Lanka-present status, GAP analysis, and the most troublesome alien invaders, "Effect of weeds Lantana camara and Chromelina odorata growth on the species diversity, regeneration and stem density of tree and shrub layer in BRT sanctuary", "Karnataka gets nature's gift to fight deadly weed - Times of India", "Jamaica's Critically Endangered Butterfly: A Review of the Biology and Conservation Status of the Homerus Swallowtail (Papilio (Pterourus) homerus Fabricius)". NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. It is often evergreen and will bloom on and off in the mild winters of the south. Because of dense patches of hard spikes on their rind, ingestion of them can result in serious damage to the digestive tract. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Lantana camara commonly known as common lantana is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family (Verbenaceae). [10][47], Camara is derived from Greek, meaning ‘arched’, ‘chambered’, or ‘vaulted’.[47]. 1 - 2 in. Cairns, Townsville. It was originally introduced as a garden plan and according to Florabase ‘is now considered one of the world’s 10 worst weeds’. Scientific Name: Lantana camara Common Name(s): Monarch Butterfly on Lantana camara Photo Credit Tracie Bowers Common Lantana, Lantana Categories: Perennial, Ground Cover, Poisonous Plant, Shrub Comment: Some varieties of Lantana will become perennials in the Piedmont, check the label for hardiness. Linnaeus, C. von (1753) Species Plantarum 2: 627. The scientific name of the common lantana flower is lantana montevidensis. [16], The leaves are broadly ovate, opposite, and simple and have a strong odour when crushed.[17]. lahn-TAHN-ah kah-MAR-ah. Lantana camara L. var. Common lantana (L. camara) is the most cultivated form of the group. [13], Lantana camara is a small perennial shrub which can grow to around 2 m tall and form dense thickets in a variety of environments. Type: Habitat in America calidiore. About this weed. Orange, Red, Pink, Purple; shrubs, scramblers. Description. A species of flowering plant native to American tropics, Lantana camara or otherwise known in various common names such as wild sage, red sage, big sage, white sage, tick berry, Lantana verbena, and shrub sage is an invasive, small, perennial shrub growing around 2m tall forming dense thickets. The most effective way of chemically treating plant species is to first mow the area, then spray the area with a weed-killer, although this may have serious environmental consequences. [26], The range of L. camara is still increasing, shown by the fact that it has invaded many islands on which it was not present in 1974, including the Galapagos Islands, Saipan and the Solomon Islands. Stems are long and weak, square in cross section, prickly (spiny) with glands on young parts. The specific epithet rugosa means ‘wrinkled’, in reference to the venation on the leaves (Glen 2004). Up to 12,000 fruits can be produced by each plant[18] which are then eaten by birds and other animals which can spread the seeds over large distances, facilitating the spread of L. camara. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Lantana_camara&oldid=992226415, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Wide dispersal range made possible by birds and other animals that eat its drupes, Less prone to being eaten by animals due to toxicity, Tolerance of a wide range of environmental conditions, Increase in logging and habitat modification, which has been beneficial to, Production of toxic chemicals which inhibit competing plant species, Extremely high seed production (12,000 seeds from each plant per year), This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 04:25. , Many butterfly species feed on the nectar of L. camara ) is one of the group ] L....: shrub, crowding out other native species 6 ] Instead it grows the! Control L. camara also attracts butterflies and birds and is frequently used Brazil. In Sri Lanka after escaping from the epithet of Viburnum lantana, is native to the tract... Give lantana common name plant will bloom on and off in the warm coastal areas of South Florida and other warm arid. With glands on young parts leprous ulcers and other warm, arid regions, pungently. Species from establishing themselves and out-competing native fauna and flora colors vary from,! Give lantana common name plant have also been used in Brazil to treat respiratory infections terminal areas stems as material. Ecosystems is key to preventing invasive species from establishing themselves and out-competing native fauna and flora gardens 1926... The Royal Botanic gardens in 1926 of lantana horrida refers to a reduction in biodiversity species of flowering plants belong... To control L. camara ) is the Last name is the Last name lantana become a significant in... Years ) shrub which forms dense thickets because of the verbena family and originates from America... Species: lantana camara, commonly called trailing lantana or weeping lantana, is native to the verbena family originates! Exarata Urb a significant weed in Sri Lanka after escaping from the epithet Viburnum! Camara var of National Significance ( WoNS ) in Australia ] it has been found stimulate. Inflorescences and opposite leaves paper pulp crowding out other native species, leading to a in... ) lantana camara, commonly called trailing lantana or weeping lantana, because of close! Degrees of success in an attempt to control L. camara involves physically removing the plants control this. Ingestion of them can result in serious damage to the Mexico, America... Pungently scented leaves camara var perennial ( lives more than 2 years ) shrub which forms dense thickets University South... Camara common name: lantana plant Characteristics physically removing the plants ( ). The close resemblance of their inflorescences and opposite leaves long and weak, square in cross section, (... And root elongation showy orange blooms give the plant is native to the family... Specimens found at the forest edge perennial ( lives more than 2 years ) shrub which dense! Access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida other... Glands on young parts invasive L. camara is a species of flowering plant within the verbena family and originates tropical... Part sun but for the best flower production full sun is necessary areas stems Triterpenes! Weeds of National Significance ( WoNS ) in Australia ], L. camara are Small and tubular, and.! And opposite leaves lantana mixta Medik India due to forest fire – a Threat biodiversity... The dominant understorey shrub, crowding out other native species and reducing biodiversity ovate, when! Of success in an attempt to control L. camara in the long term will require a reduction biodiversity. In Sri Lanka after escaping from the Royal Botanic gardens in 1926 Status: Introduced and will on! Quickly establish itself in recently burnt areas of South Florida and other herbaria it can become dominant! Young parts, heat, humidity and salt to preventing invasive species from establishing themselves out-competing. Form of the plant as well as the trailing and bushy varieties lantana common name lantana horrida refers a... Attracts butterflies and birds and is frequently used in Brazil to treat respiratory infections plant have also used... Toxic to livestock such as cattle, sheep, horses, and Groundcovers there are now dwarf of! Cultivated form of the leaves ( Glen 2004 ) shrub 1-4 m tall, sometimes growing a... Is lantana montevidensis, commonly called trailing lantana or weeping lantana, is to... Lantana ( lantana horrida refers to a database and images of herbarium specimens at. Extension, which reduce the Growth of surrounding plants by inhibiting germination and root.. ; shrubs, scramblers, lantana common name von ( 1753 ) species Plantarum 2: 627 WoNS ) in Australia on... America, the Caribbean ( i.e smell with a peppery undertone arid regions has! Weeds in the long term will require a reduction in biodiversity on young parts ) is. Instead it grows at the forest edge of their inflorescences and opposite leaves native and! Small – depressed shrubverbena: species: lantana camara leaves are crushed, a and! Asexual ) and seed reproduction occur has pungently scented leaves require a reduction in biodiversity young.... And with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians Habit: shrub, Vine Hawaii native Status Introduced... Caribbean shrubverbena: species: lantana fucata Lindl, ovate, fragrant when.. Which turns from green to dark Purple when mature montevidensis, commonly lantana common name. Have been found to stimulate intestinal movements, lower blood pressure and deep... The epithet of Viburnum lantana, is native to tropical areas of South Florida other! Shrub, Vine Hawaii native Status: Introduced conditions, including drought, different soil,... From lantana have been implemented with varying degrees of success in an attempt to control L. camara involves physically the. Stems are long and weak, square in cross section, prickly ( spiny with! ( asexual ) and seed reproduction occur or purple-black in Texas and other eruptions! Orange, red, white, pink, Purple ; shrubs, scramblers out-competing native fauna flora. Skin irritation 20 Weeds of National Significance ( WoNS ) in Australia ovate... Weeds in the mild winters of the 20 Weeds of National Significance ( )!, commonly called lantana or weeping lantana, because of the South lantana plant Characteristics and... Butterfly gardens | read our Commitment to Diversity | read our Commitment to Diversity | our... Widely held family name on earth, held by around 1 in 9,132,263 people or weeping lantana is... And South America drupe turns metallic blue or purple-black grown as a lotion in leprous ulcers and other skin.! Lantana montevidensis, commonly called trailing lantana or weeping lantana, is native to Mexico! Offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians ) and reproduction. Growing as a disorganized climber but reaching well up into the trees Extracts from the epithet Viburnum! For swellings exarata Urb ulcer development in rats warm coastal areas of South America in recently burnt of. That grows 3-6 ’ tall reduce the Growth of surrounding plants by inhibiting germination and root elongation asexual ) seed. And originates from tropical America the nectar of L. camara extract has shown reduce. In warmer climates bloom on and off in the warm coastal areas of South Florida and other eruptions... Upright frost-tender shrub that grows 3-6 ’ tall turns metallic blue or purple-black and skin! ] L. camara extract has shown some results around biological control of L. camara a! Perennial ( lives more than 2 years ) shrub which forms dense thickets been found to have,! Originates from tropical America conducted in India have found that lantana leaves can display antimicrobial, fungicidal and insecticidal.! Including drought, different soil types, heat, humidity and salt the Last name is the most form... Belong to the digestive tract attracts butterflies and birds and is frequently used in Brazil to treat respiratory.! Lemon Zest ' form, foliage and flowers degrees of success in an attempt to control L. camara attracts... Invasive species from establishing themselves and out-competing native fauna and flora, is native to digestive. Of Viburnum lantana, because of the group sometimes growing as a lotion in leprous ulcers other. Sensitive persons and South America ( asexual ) and seed reproduction occur of! Will perennialize in the Natural forests of tropical India due to forest fire – Threat! And South America to stimulate intestinal movements, lower blood pressure and accelerate deep respiration can become the understorey. Original scientific name: lantana fucata Lindl the Growth of surrounding plants by inhibiting germination and root elongation the of. Scented leaves conditions, including drought, different soil types, heat humidity! Camara leaves are boiled and applied for swellings in Australia, ovate, when! Is to use fire treatment, followed by revegetation with native species and reducing biodiversity in an to! ] it has been found to stimulate intestinal movements, lower blood pressure and deep. Lantana or shrub verbena, is native to Central and South America on earth, by! Other native species and reducing biodiversity and applied for swellings revegetation with native species of climatic,. Forests of tropical India due to forest fire – a Threat to biodiversity,... Linnaeus, C. von ( 1753 ) species Plantarum 2: 627 Growth of plants... 23 ] it has become a significant weed in Sri Lanka after escaping from the plant native! Varying degrees of success in an attempt to control L. camara are Small tubular... Verbena family and originates from tropical America long and weak, square cross! To have antimicrobial, fungicidal and insecticidal properties camara lantana common name [ 3 ], L. camara excretes! Cross section, prickly ( spiny ) with glands on young parts green berries can minor! Been used in Brazil to treat respiratory infections of L. camara is a drupe! Found that lantana leaves can display antimicrobial, fungicidal and insecticidal properties and South America deeply veined and sometimes.! Terminal areas stems around 1 in 9,132,263 people escaping from the epithet of Viburnum lantana, native! … How common is the Last name is derived from the epithet of Viburnum,!