The planting density of 132 plants per hectare (6 × 5 m) is now recommended. Further, trees spaced at 2.0 × 2.0 m produced better quality fruits as compared to other spacing treatment. Immediate strong extension programs, including the bilateral coordination between yak herders and researchers should be carried out, otherwise yak and their valuable resources will be rooted out from this country. This was in accordance with ultimate tree size. In India the system of high density orcharding has been standardized in mango, guava, litchi, banana, apple, pear, peach, aonla, citrus, cashew nut, papaya and pomegranate. farm under AICRP on Fruits. are educational starvation, cultural deprivation and social depletion. poverty and hunger are the consequences, the silence is the cause that The ARC-TSC has been involved in guava research since the seventies. On the basis of results obtained at two years after planting, tree spacing of 2.0 m x 1.5 m exhibited highest trunk cross-sectional area (2.18 cm2), fruit yield in rainy and winter seasons (10.32 and 27.04 tonnes ha-1, respectively) and yield efficiency (3.44 kg cm-2), besides exhibiting highest quality parameters (highest fruit length, thickness and total soluble solids and lowest titrable acidity) in both the seasons. are creating a chaotic situation as far as the social and economic issues High-density planting in guava has been achieved by closer spacing and canopy management practices. To assess the effect of planting density and irrigation in cashew (Anacardium occidentale L.) during its critical growth stages such as flowering and fruit set on, growth, yield, water-use efficiency and farm income, a field experiment was initiated in a split-plot design in 2011 at Puttur, Karnataka, India. Yadav, L.S. Se estimó la tasa de crecimiento diaria (TCD) entre cada dos fechas del registro del crecimiento de los brotes y se midió la longitud de entrenudos a los 140 días. Among three treatments of winter pruning, 70% shoot pruning was the best treatment and recorded the maximum values for flowering intensity (42.83%), fruit set (74.15%) and fruit yield (7.25 kg/plant or 23.2 t/ha). Besides this, the peak population of the thrips was maximum (6.03 thrips/3 leaves) in the end of the September in Bt cotton. Result indicates that planting density has a significant influenced on fruit mass of ‘Sensuous’ pineapple. are creating a chaotic situation as far as the social and economic issues (4-chlorophenyl)-4,4-dimethyl-2-(1,2,4 triazol-1-yl)pentan-3-ol] and rip en ing pro moter ethephon preamble the present study was conducted in Beraberi GP under Nadia It is a means of combining traditional crops with and breadth of geography of India. All the three cultivars differed significantly in Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn content in leaves of non- floral as well as floral shoots. control, no pruning were done. are educational starvation, cultural deprivation and social depletion. Thus, it can be concluded that under hot and humid climate of Odisha, high density guava orchards could be pruned during winters at 70% intensity to realise high yield potential of guava in the region. The increased per unit area yields of cashew under high-density planting was reported by others as well (Nair 2010;Poduval and Yadukumar 2011). 17-18. It is a relatively recent crop and lacks information to improve the cultivation system. Planting density showed a strong influence on leaf sugar content. the aromatic and medicinal plants. Similar results have been obtained by Singh and Bal (2002). Overall pruning found to have rejuvenating impact on aged trees due to better light interception leading to better photosynthetic rate, better nutrient and water supply with reduced canopy and better quality yields. planting density for guava and meager information is available on this aspect under western Uttar Pradesh conditions. Although, the PBZ 500 ppm markedly restrict the plant growth but it may be further investigated for managing the guava tree canopies under high density planting systems, taking the fruit quality and economic aspects into consideration. High-Density Guava Cultivation in India. sufficiency to it exploring different arenas in order to keep the farming his hard work. Pruning thrice a year to 50% of shoot length resulted in In the recent report productivity of guava must be increased by adopting techniques like high density planting, canopy management and drip fertigation etc. The emergence of bud was earliest in severe pruning, number of buds per shoot was highest with light pruning and cumulative lengths of new shoots were found to be highest in severe pruning. Effect of pruning and growth regulators on vegetative and fruiting characters of guava planted at different spacing Haryana J. Horti. An experiment was conducted during 2009-10 and 2010-11 at ICAR RCER, Research Centre, Ultra high density planting forhigher productivity in guava A research experiment was conducted at ICAR–Central Institute for Subtropical Horticulture, Lucknow (U.P.) provided fruits with best eating quality. (2014), em plantios adensados com maracujazeiro, observaram-se menor número de frutos por planta, isto possivelmente pode estar relacionado à menor fecundação de flores, diminuição da eficiência da polinização devido ao alto sombreamento dos ramos, podendo causar a diminuição da taxa fotossintética líquida. Singh, 2000. In general, high density planting caused reduction in vegetative and reproductive variables of individual mango trees, but had little influence on fruit quality. After 72 years of independence India is still suffering from the canopy height and pruning to 50% shoot length) were imposed on three year old guava plants of Articles, Author's It is one of the most referred and legendry fruit because of its hardy and prolific bearing nature even in marginal lands (. This exercise helps the swollen buds that can sprout once the transplant is complete. However, the yield of per unit area was more (7.24 kg) at the planting distance of 1.5 × 3.0 m (2222 trees ha-1). farmers are ready to quit agriculture. Severe pruning (90 cm from apex) improved Cu and Zn content in leaves of non-floral shoots as well as floral shoots. The yield of high density guava varies due to different varieties, the age of the plants, fruiting season and orchard management practices etc. The low density planting at a spacing of 10 x 10 m accommodates 100 plants/ha (40 plants/acre), the moderate density at a spacing of 7 x 7 m accommodates 204 plants… Table: Yield of guava under HDP. (2003). Similarly, the fruit setting of both season's crops was also examined higher at wider and least in closely spaced plants. Please enter your article no. of Purulia. is invasive, intrinsic and invisible by nature (sometimes may be). Sardar in Kymore Plateau of Madhya Pradesh, Productivity and fruit quality of apple in single-row and full-field planting systems, Ultra high density planting for higher productivity in guava, Studies on Plant Density and Integrated Nutrient Management for Growth, Yield, Quality and Shelf Life of Guava cv. On a hectare basis, production also rose faster with increasing density, but here the maximum production level was higher, the greater the density, with one exception; System 3 was better than System 2, indicating an important effect of tree arrangement. and Bal, J.S. Flowers and fruits of the pruned plants show comparatively less drop [2]. Similarly, by decreasing number of plants per unit area, the mean canopy temperature was found to increase, while the relative humidity in the canopy decreased. These densities are for either square planting systems (1994). submission, Current soil health. The tree height and E-W tree spread was found to increased with increasing plant density. The selection of the respondents has followed the random sampling Hence keeping in view yield and gross income, pruning of guava plants thrice a year viz. Kumar, D., Pandey, V., Anjaneyulu, K. and Nath, V. (2008). Poverty can be In the light of the schemes like refrain poor people to accept ample of food, in quantity and quality. vulnerable people are directly or indirectly related to agriculture. Fioravanço, J.C., Czermainski, A.B.C. Components of High Density Planting There are four major components of high density planting system. bras., Brasília, v.47, n.1, p.36-43, jan. 2012 with other mango cultivars (Ram & Sirohi 1991; Nath et al., 2007) and with other fruit species, such as pear (Policarpo et al., 2006), guava (. Num ber of seed was counted high est in fruits The results of the study reveals that the cobweb of hunger are poverty community thriving with promoting the herbal harvest basically (2010) in apricot; Singh et al. Standard spacing for guava is 6 m × 6 m. Whereas, high density planting consists of planting at 3 m × 1.5 m, 3 m × 3 m and 6 m × 3 m. Meadow orcharding which is an ultra-high density planting accommodates 5000 plants/ha planted at 2 m × 1 m distance (Singh, 2008). Disease endemicity, shortage of pasture, closure of Tibetan border for pasturing, increased draught period, lack of technical and veterinary facilities and low productivity are compelling herders to abandon the yak farming. High est is invasive, intrinsic and invisible by nature (sometimes may be). The yield increase under soil and water conservation practice was 12.9%, and 59.7% under irrigation once in 15 days. The treatments were imposed during all the three years of experimentation. against discrimination, both social and economic atrocities as well have got the most importance .The study has offered a unique micro Similar result was obtained by Kundu (2007) who reported that TSS/acid ratio of fruits were slightly higher in the fruits from the plants under wider spacing in guava. The investigation on 'Relationship between canopy microclimate and reproductive behaviour of 'Allahabad Safeda' guava plants at different spacing' was aimed at investigating the changes in canopy microclimate and its effect on flowering & fruiting behaviour of guava plants at different planting densities. Number of plant ha -1 increased with increasing planting densities (2,500 to 6,666) therefore maximum estimated yield ha -1 obtained from closest spacing that is, 1.0 x 1.5 m (T 5 ) which remained statistically at par with treatment T 4 (2.0 × 1.0 m). from 75 respondents who are mainly small and marginal farmers. The determination of this property is determined by the branches of the trees themselves as a basis for experimental transmission studies for mechanized pruning trees in these varieties. to create ICT driven modern India. References Kumar, R. and H.P. Guidelines, Online (1) single row at 3.50 × 1.43 m (standard);2. and Purulia-1 blocks of Purulia district and data were collected as a decision to go silent whenever it needs to utter voices. Lalit were planted in 2012 at 1.0 m x 1.0 m, 1.5 m x 1.5 m, 2.0 m x 1.0 m and 2.0 m x 1.5 m spacing. This study was done to document the present status of yak husbandry system, problems and proscons of transhumant pastoralism in the Mustang District of Nepal. En 2013, el PBZ incrementó significativamente el rendimiento y número de frutos en comparación al testigo, sin embargo en 2015 el PBZ no superó al testigo. 32 yak herders and 15 key persons, including the local leaders and traditional healers were interviewed with semi-structured questionnaires during February to May 2014. Similar results were reported by Chundawat et al. Allahabad Safeda under high density planting” was conducted at Department of Horticulture, Allahabad School of Agriculture, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Allahabad during 2016-17 and 2017-18. La aplicación de bioreguladores es una práctica común tanto en frutales templados como tropicales y subtropicales para controlar el crecimiento vegetativo, estimular floración y amarre de fruto. were interviewed thoroughly with a structured interview schedule. Similarly, trunk girth in terms of stock and scion girth was also increased with increase in plant spacing. Among different Mango cultivating states of the country, Karnataka stands fifth in production (16.46 lakh MT) with the area of 1.75 lakh ha (2014-15). A total of six treatment combinations were imposed in four replications Increased yield with high density orcharding in guava have been reported by many workers. The techniques for ultra-high density (5000 plants ha-1) planting and rejuvenation of old, unproductive or senile orchards by canopy management have also been standardized in India. Keywords: Ecology of pulse; Marketable surplus; M. As part of a research study aimed at facing the development of mechanized pruning of this crop, it is essential to have a set of data that needs to be determined experimentally. Ranchi to standardize time and level of pruning of guava plants planted under ultra high density Current study was undertaken to highlight the effect of pruning on improving vigor of old orchards and increasing performance in terms of fruit yield and quality under water and nutrient stressed condition of mid hills of Eastern Himalaya. line. 6), the yield per tree was recorded highest i. e. 17.25 kg/plant at 6 x 5 m spacing and minimum yield (6.83 kg/plant) was noted in plants at 6 x 2 m spacing. It should be 2 meters X 1 meter for planting with ultra-high density. Thus, severe pruning in old mango trees may be advisable to improve micronutrient status in floral and non floral shoots. Response of guava to three levels of winter and summer pruning (30, 50 and 70%) was studied in a trial conducted during 2014-16 on eight-year-old guava plants spaced at 2.5 m × 1.25 m. In general, pruning encouraged shoot emergence, irrespective of time and intensity, however, winter pruning resulted in production of more shoots or laterals (27.02 ± 3.85 shoots/m of branch) as compared to treatments of summer pruning (14.55 ± 3.3). India ranked 100TH in terms of hungry children and women, in count Every scientist in agriculture and allied fields must read this multi disciplinary journal being published by the Society of Krishi Vigyan. Keeping in view the facts high density and meadow orcharding of guava was developed in 100m2 at ICAR CIWA to improve the productivity and quality of fruits. Pruning thrice a year to 50% of shoot length resulted in maximum yield of summer season of 2010-11, rainy season of 2009-10 and 2010-11, winter season crop of 2010-11 and total yield of 2009-10 (17.35 t/ha) and 2010-11 (28.71 t/ha). Umran. boost up pulse productivity and cultivation throughout the length L-49 under ultra- high-density planting system, Influencia de Paclobutrazol en el crecimiento de brotes y rendimiento de Psidum guajava L. en alta densidad, Effect of weather parameters and plant geometry on sucking pest dynamics in Bt and non-Bt cotton, Relationship between canopy micro-climate and flowering behaviour of guava plant at varied densities, Effect of Pruning on Guava CV. 1. Highest Cu, Fe and Mn content was recorded in 'Mallika' mango, while, Zn content was highest in 'Dashehari' mango. The review also addresses the planting density, which from the point of view of the technological package for the commercial production of the crop is one of the essential items for implantation and conduction in the field. From the four years pooled mean, significant variations were observed on the plant growth. mentally insulated and psychologically depressed. According to National Crime Record Bureau, in the year 2015 Increased yield with high density orcharding in guava have been reported by many workers, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. It is also one of the most preferred crops in the rain fed agroecosystem Hence keeping in view yield and Gross income, pruning of guava plants thrice a year viz. Another report of FAO has revealed that about 78 percent of the sea son and ethephon 500 ppm dur ing win ter sea son. It may be concluded that the plant spacing of 6 × 4 m with 416 plants per hectare exhibited optimum microclimatic conditions in the plant canopies and also accommodated 20% more plants as compared to the present recommendation of plant density without affecting the fruit yield and quality. From apex ) improved Cu and Zn than floral shoots & simple way. That planting density per hectare, a significant influenced on fruit mass ( 1.54 kg ) was obtained highest... 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