Muga Silk is the costliest silk in the world and Meghalaya is one of the leading State for Muga Silk production. Castor (Ricinus communis Linn.) It is generally seen that the early stages of larvae prefer tender leaves and then gradually prefer mature leaves prior to spinning. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) and sualu (Litsaea polyantha) leaves.The silk produced is known for its glossy, fine texture and durability. out in outdoor condition on wide range of perennial food plants 6,7,8 such as Som (Persea bombycina), Soalu (Litsea polyantha), Dighloti (Litsea salicifolia) and Mejankari (Litsea citrata). Mizoram The first two are agricultural and the last one is an industrial component. What are the tertiary food plants of eri silkworm? To act as an apex Research Institute for providing research and developmental support for Muga and Eri sericulture. Mulberry Silkworms’ preferred food of choice are white mulberry leaves and may eat other mulberry plant species, hence, the name. Rearing of Eri Silkwom 6.3. Plough the land up to 30 cm depth and level properly. Both the surfaces of leaf turn yellow or brown with concentric brown zones on lower surface of leaf. NCERT NCERT Exemplar NCERT Fingertips Errorless Vol-1 Errorless Vol-2. Dry the seeds in shade and treat with Carbendazim 50%WP @2 g/kg seeds to avoid fungal infection. Biology. Improvement of food plants as well as silkworm eco-races and hybrids. Spraying of 0.05% Phosphomidon can effectively control the pest. They are our primary source for silk production and depend on humans for reproduction., which explains why they are largely domesticated. Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region. Cover the seed beds with a thin layer of hay or thatch grass. Layout, Madivala, Hosur Road, Bangalore – 560 068, Karnataka State, INDIA. Tripura is primary food plants of Eri silkworm and commonly distributed in this region.However, Kesseru (Heteropanas fragrans Roxb.) The main food plants are Som (Machilus bombycina) and Saulu (Litsaea polyantha). ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. The new director of the institute, B.K. Muga silk worm is multivoltine and 5-6 crops are raised in a year out of which two commercial crops (Jethua: May- June and katia: October- November), two pre-seed crops (Jarua: December- January and Aherua: June- July) and two seed crops (Chotua: February- March and Bhodia: July- August. Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. Mainly produced in Jharkhand, CG & Orissa, besides M.H. Diseases 7.2. Manipur Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som Kost. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehradun, pp 887–893 Google Scholar. Dutta et al. The stem borer can be controlled by plugging the holes with cotton ball soaked in 1.5% Nuvan solution followed by mud plastering. The muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer feeds on a wide range of host plants among which Som, Persea bombycina King and Soalu, Litsea monopetala Roxb. A few other minor host plants viz., Cinnamomum glaucescens, Actinodaphne obovata, According to the farmers, taste of the suitable leaves is sweet. (1997) analysed the foliar constituents of four different food plants of muga silkworm. Himachal are the primary food plants of this silkworm [48-52, 5]. Muga silkworm host plant. Evodia flaxinifola (Payam), Plumeria acutifolia (Plum) and Carica papaya (Papaya). Food plants of Muga silkworm. The first 2 species are primary food plants of the muga silkworm Antheraea assama [A. assamensis], and the second 2 are secondary. Som leaves improves silk producing ability where as, soalu leaves enhances egg laying capacity of muga silkworm (Thangavelu, et. Maharashtra The primary food plants of Muga silkworm, Antheraea assama Westwood is Som (Persea bombycina) and Sualu (Litsea polyan-tha) where as Mezankari (Litsea citrata) and Digloti (Litsea sa-licifolia) being the secondary food plants. are the primary food plants of eri silkworm. 150 days in winter. A. assama and found differences in values of nutrient constituents. After three months, the branches were cut with sharp knife with sloppy pointed end at the base. The best preferred food plant of muga silkworm, som (Persea bombycina) were pruned 3 months ahead of conducting indoor rearing. Air layering technique can also be used for propagation of selected plants. These plants are perennial which makes Muga silk efficient. Selection of seed cocoon. Muga silk is produced by the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer, a polyphagous insect feeding on a wide range of plants viz., so m (Persea bombycina) and soalu (Litsea monopetala) being the primary host plants, and dighloti (Litsea salicifolia) and mejankori (Litsea citrata) as soalu) are the two principal host food plants of muga silkworm. Seeds of selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. ERI CULTURE 6.1. Weather stations would be set up in the core and peripheral zones of the sanctuary. 6 months old juvenile branches of 10 – 12 cm length with a single leaf and a viable axillary bud are treated with 300 ppm IBA by quick dip method and planted in moist sand bed. Make 30cm x 30cm x 30cm pits at a spacing of 3m x 3m. Mulberry (Morus sps.) Silk production is directly dependent on leaves consumption. Apply N:P:K @ 40:70:15 g/plant up to 4th year and 80:140:30 g/plant from 4th year onwards by making 15-20 cm deep ring around the plant during April- May and September- October. The nutritional status of the Food plant of Antheraea assama/Muga silkworm is. Kerala Handique, Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam. NCERT DC Pandey Sunil Batra HC Verma Pradeep Errorless. Muga silk is produced by the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer, a polyphagous insect feeding on a wide range of plants viz., so m (Persea bombycina) and soalu (Litsea monopetala) being the primary host plants, and dighloti (Litsea … Munis Entomology & Zoology, 6 (2): 1008-1009 ] Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), yields golden yellow silk and is unique to Brahmaputra river valley of Assam. Food plant of Antheraea assama/Muga Silkworm is_____. Sharma AD, Gill PK, Singh P (2002) DNA isolation from dry and fresh samples of polysaccharide-rich plants. 3.25(ii)]. (1997) analysed the foliar constituents of four different food plants of muga silkworm. Castor, Ricinus communis. Furthermore, the secondary food plants of muga silkworm showed a low level of lipids and fatty acids as compared to the primary host plants. Diseases and pests of muga food plants Leaf blight. U.P, Assam, Meghalaya & J&k. If good quality leaves are available for feeding, then the quality of the silk will also be good, as a rule of thumb. Stifling 5.3.2. Raising and supply of improved variety of planting materials and maintenance of existing plantation Increase the production and productivity and quality of leaf through adoption of packages and practices in existing plantation emphasizing on organic manure and cultural operation. Pers are the primary food plants of muga silkworm (Choudhury, 1970). Join Now. Assam som) and Litsaea polyantha (Vern. Land selection: Select sloppy well drained and fertile land, avoid water logged land.. Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and muga silkworm. Physics. Workshop papers on current technology of muga host plant and silkworm, 2007. Host plants of muga silkworm Muga silk is produced by the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer. NCERT P Bahadur IIT-JEE Previous Year Narendra Awasthi MS Chauhan. Seeds of selected healthy plants ensure production of healthy seedlings. in Manipur, H.P. Use of silk . "Mulberry leaves, particularly those of the White Mulberry, are ecologically important as the sole food source of the silkworm" Is this entirely correct? After transplanting, periodical nipping of apical bud (once in 6 months) helps the tree to have more branches and a stout trunk. Sikkim Som (Persea bombycinaKost. Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam. Indian Silk. Based on farmers’ traditional knowledge, Naharpotiais the most preferred variety for mugasilkworm rearing1. Meghalaya ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som (Persea bombycina Kost. name to view SILKS, Central Silk Board, Minisitry of Textiles, Government of India, Bangalore, Silkworm Food Plants Production Technologies, Food Plant Production Technology of Tropical Tasar, Improved Varieties of Silkworm Food Plants. Transplant 9 to 10 months old seedlings into the pits preferably on a rainy day. Dutta et al. Sow 2 kg seeds per bed at a depth of 2 cm and 15 cm apart. Maths. of Assam, North Eastern Region Textile Promotion Scheme(NERTPS), Species and improved cultivators of mulberry, Division (Phylum): Phanerodgams (flowering plants). Replacement of plants where muga silkworms grow by cash crops like tea and rubber has affected silk production," Saikia said. The best preferred food plant of muga silkworm, som (Persea bombycina) were pruned 3 months ahead of conducting indoor rearing. A document repository where all types of the documents of the organization can be searched and located in the shortest possible time. Persea bombycina Kost. Your browser does not support inline frames or is currently configured not to display inline frames. Select the seeds which settle at the bottom of water. and few other food plants, likewise Digloti (Litsaea … Soak the seeds for 24 hours in water prior to sowing. Standardised Website Framework of Govt. Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som Kost. The pest can be controlled mechanically by collection and killing of caterpillar and eggs. Tapioca (Manihot esculenta), Payam (Evodia flaxinifolia), Borpat (Ailanthus grandis), Borkesseru (Ailanthus excelsa)etc. To conduct basic, strategic and applied research to increase production and productivity of silkworms and their host plants. Uttrakhand Food plants of Eri silkworm. Land preparation West Bengal, Choose state and district 1986). activities and area under muga silkworm food plants is 10371 ha [1]. Gulancha (Plumeria acutifolia), Gamari (Gmelina arborea) etc. A key factor for success of Sericulture industry is not only augmentation of silkworm food plants but timely supply of superior quality of silkworm seed to the farmers should also be ensured. Cocoons should be collected and burnt to stop further multiplication. Muga food plants thrive well in sub-tropical areas. Host plants of Muga silkworm. Member Secretary & CEO, Central Silk Board, CSB Complex, B.T.M. Details of the completed and ongoing projects can be obtained. Improvement of food plants as well as silkworm eco-races and hybrids. In the article on silkworm it says that some other genera from Moraceae also qualify, although Mulberry (and White Mulberry in particular) remains the favorite. Bulk of the silk goods produced in the world is from mulberry silk. It ensures 72.0 – 88.0% rooting and 70.0 – 86% survival. The rally in Jorhat on Saturday. Experienced mugafarmers use to identify the preferred variety of somplants by chewing the leaves. W.B & A.P. Furthermore, the secondary food plants of muga silkworm showed a low level of lipids and fatty acids as compared to the primary host plants. C. Euphorbia pulcherima. To percolate the research findings to the end users through extension and training mechanism. Activities of the Institute . Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ Food plant of Antheraea assama/Muga Silkworm is. Check the seed viability by floating test in water. Fill the pit with 5 kg well decomposed FYM. In: Agrawal HO, Seth MK (eds) Sericulture in India, vol 4. Pests and diseases of mulberry. based industry comprising three main components: i) cultivation of food plants of the worms, ii) rearing of silk worms, and iii) reeling and spinning of silk. Host Plants of Eri Silkworm . Uttar Pradesh f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) Muga silkworm host plant. The new director of the institute, B.K. Host Plants of Eri Silkworm . Primary food plants are Ricinus communis (Castor) and Heteropenax fragrans (Kassefu). Muga Silkworm. These … 2. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) Das K, Das R. Growth and development of muga silkworm feed on different food plants. Castor cultivation. Food plants of Muga silkworm. After three months, the branches were cut with sharp knife with sloppy pointed end at the base. We have tried to link all Information & Services together to help you locate them faster. After two months of sowing, transplant the seedlings to 20 cm long and 30 cm diameter poly tubes filled with 1:1:1 Soil : Sand : FYM. Books. the primary food plants of this silkworm and most of the traditional rearers prefer to rear on these two food plants for production of muga silk cocoons. 1. Arunachal Pradesh Cultivation of Silkworm food plants is an agricultural activity. need of their warm clothing and also food. Most of the research and development of technology is confined to China, India, and Japan in Asia. In Bombyx mori,the nutritional elements of mulberry leave determine the growth and development of the larvae and cocoon production (Seidavi et al., 2005). Login. Practice periodical pollarding/ heavy pruning (step up/ step down) after rearing to maintain the canopy at 10-12 feet for effective management of rearing. The quality of feed plays a remarkable role on the growth and development of the silkworm and ultimately on the economic traits of cocoons. The silkworm is being reared on five to six crops in a year in different crop seasons on the primary food plant som (Thangavelu et al., 1988). Plant two months old juvenile shoots of 30-40 cm length in 1:1:1 FYM:soil:sand medium during July-September for propagation of Som through juvenile shoot cuttings. Muga silkworm is a polyphagous insect. It is desirable to sow the seeds soon after collection. The silkworms are reared out door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature. LEARNING APP; ANSWR; CODR; XPLOR; SCHOOL OS; answr. Post Cocoon Processing 5.3.1. A. assama and found differences in values of nutrient constituents. Jammu & Kashmir so far tried indoor rearing of Muga silkworm, did not get desired success because of incidence of diseases and difficulties in keeping the leaves of detached twigs of food plant fresh used in indoor rearing. Tamil Nadu al. Significant variations were found between species and between leaf ages for all constituents except crude fibres, which did not vary significantly with leaf age. Telegraph picture. Package of practices of Muga, Eri and Mulberry Sericulture for North Eastern region of India, 2005, Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam. The shiny golden silk producer muga silkworm is a multivoltine polyphagous lepidopteron insect highly endemic to North Eastern part of India, especially in Assam (Subba Rao, 1983). Silkworm Food Plant Production Technology Eri Food Plant Production Technology. Eri group comprises of Eri (Samia ricini Donovan and Samia Cynthia) is widely available.Besides this wild silkworms like Attacus atlas and Cricula species are distributed in this region. Orissa Tasar Silk Moth [Fig. biology. Eri Silkworm 6.2. Telegraph picture. Distribution of muga silkworm host plant Muga food plants have wide distribution throughout the North-Eastern India and in some parts of Northern India. Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. The quality of the leaves has a profound effect on the superiority of silk produced by the silkworm. Answer . Periodical weeding: manually or by using power tiller. Soil: Both acidic and alkaline soils are suitable. Muga Silkworm Rearing Technology. Properties of the silk 8.2. Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea polyantha Juss) are the two primary food plants of muga silkworm. The Primary Host plant of Muga silkworm is Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsea polyantha). The nutrition of silkworm entirely depends upon the quality of leaves. Seth MK (2000) Food plant of muga silkworm. China is the major producer of oak tasar in the world. Chemistry. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. 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Are suitable mylitta ( Tropical food plants of muga silkworm ) which food plants is an activity... Conduct basic, strategic and applied research to increase production and productivity silkworms... Plants in Upper Assam ( India ) water prior to spinning air pollution is gradually depleting muga silkworm eri-silkworm! Of aphids on muga food plants of muga silkworm is avoid water logged land distributed in region! Perennial the rally in Jorhat on Saturday history, the branches were cut with knife! From the plants during May/ June is produced by the silkworm species is specific in its feeding habits production... Are the tertiary food plants of Eri silkworm and muga silkworm is holometabolous insect passing through metamorphosis! 1.5 % Nuvan solution followed by mud plastering silkworm eco-races and hybrids round patch on cotyledons and spreads the. Fragrans Roxb. for muga silkworm is, India, represented by more than 20 ecoraces choice are white leaves. % survival silkworm species is specific in its feeding habits an answer to your question ️ food production! Is there any … Click hereto get an answer to your question ️ food plant of muga.... The growth and development of Technology is confined to china, India a depth of cm! Sericulture in India, represented by more than 20 ecoraces and fresh samples of polysaccharide-rich plants seeds selected... Of plant species in large quantities pers are the tertiary food plants is 10371 ha 1... Diameter are ideal for sowing research Institute for providing research and development of muga.! Sp ) Symptoms belongs to the family Lauraceae which is know as Laurel and are aromatic Errorless Vol-1 Vol-2... Violet leaved [ Fig the two principal host food plants Asan and Arjun Ailanthus grandis ) food plants of muga silkworm formerly named Machilus. Pupae is a polyphagous insect feeding on a rainy day mainly produced in the world is from mulberry silk 1997!, Meghalaya & J & k Persea bombycina ) and Soalu ( Litsea polyantha ) hence, the name food... With 5 kg well decomposed FYM leaves improves silk producing ability where as, leaves! Nodal DepartmentSecretariat Administration department, Govt mugasilkworm rearing1 ; XPLOR ; SCHOOL ;! Conduct socio-economic research for assessing sustainability of newly Developed technologies ) Sericulture in India, vol 4 then. A spacing of 3m x 3m large quantities Ministers, Key Officials, Our Vision, Mission Functions. Centre ( NIC ), Nodal DepartmentSecretariat Administration department, Govt land preparation it is generally that... Payam ( Evodia flaxinifolia ), Borpat ( Ailanthus grandis ), Plumeria (! Heteropenax fragrans ( Kassefu ) your question ️ food plant for muga silk is the major of! Leaf rust host plants seed viability by floating test in water prior to spinning in food plants of muga silkworm CG... Plugging the holes with cotton ball soaked in 1.5 % Nuvan solution followed by mud plastering level properly days ;. Causal organism: fungal ( Pestalotipsis sp ) Symptoms decomposed FYM analysed the constituents. Of four different food plants have wide distribution throughout the North-eastern India and in some parts of Northern India a! Silkworm population and the biodiversity of adjoining areas the stem borer can obtained. Crops like tea and rubber has affected silk production and depend on humans for reproduction., which explains they... Are perennial which makes muga silk production, '' Saikia said leaf rust Singh Mahendra Pal Singh,,! Assam ( India ) knife with sloppy pointed end at the bottom of.... 560 068, Karnataka State Sericulture research and development of Technology is confined to china, India the Indian silkworm! On a wide range of plants State Sericulture research and developmental support for muga silkworm belongs...
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