The average carcass weight of Ethiopian goats is 10 kg, which is the second lowest in sub-Saharan Africa. indicus breeds in Ethiopia for crossbreeding seems to be insignificant (Kiwuwa et al., 1983; Beyene, 1992). These animals will form the backbone of a crossbreeding program designed to utilize the fast growth rate and larger carcass of these animals with the native adaptability and toughness of local breeds. In Ethiopia, sheep and goats have traditionally served as a means of ready cash and a reserve against economic and agricultural production hardship. The goat is a member of the animal family Bovidae and the subfamily Caprinae, meaning it is closely related to the sheep. It has a red skin coat that is of good quality for leather production. Livestock production in general generates 30-35% of the Ethiopian agricultural GDP, 19% of total GDP and more than 85% of farm cash income (Benin et al., 2006). Serum enzymes were studied in 163 apparently healthy goats from three indigenous goat breeds of Ethiopia. goat breeds fed a grainless diet that included Ethiopian native grass hay, wheat bran and noug cake. Among these goat breeds, some are very good for meat production, some are good for producing milk, some breeds produces good quality skin, some breeds are good for fiber production purpose and some breeds are also good for raising as pets. Boer Goat. The breed has a high growth rate and excellent carcass qualities, making it one of the most popular meat goats … Productivity of Abergelle, Central Highland and Woyto-Guji goat breeds in Ethiopia. Maria Wurzinger . A structured questionnaire, own-flock ranking experiment, and group discussions were undertaken to assess goat breeding practices and to identify traits of interest for genetic improvement of indigenous goats. Characterization of genetic variation among Ethiopian barley (Hoerdeum vulgare L.) genotypes (2019) von Abtew, Wosene Gebreselassie , 2019 consumption. The study was conducted The urban and peri-urbandairy system is market oriented with improved breeds,feeding systems, health and husbandry practices. In Ethiopia, prior studies on indigenous goat breeds were focused on the reproductive traits and fertility of female not male goats; as a result, data on fertility and male reproductive traits in indigenous goats in Ethiopia is scant [22, 23]. The main form of production issmallholder low input systems. Indigenous goats are still the predominant breeds in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is also competing in the world market through the exportation of goat meat to a number of Middle East countries (Ethiopian Export Promotion Agency, 2003). Goat … Arado, Afar and Raya breeds. BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Life sciences, Department of Sustainable Agricultural Systems, Division of Livestock Sciences , Vienna, Austria . ), Ian Lauder Mason (2002). 1 National Small Ruminant Research Coordinator, Sheno Research Center, P.O.Box 112, Debre Brehan, Ethiopia. By considering two breeds of goats; western low land goat (Gumuz) from the lowland and Abergelle from the mid-altitude as a sample of indigenous breed. :¸Zp^fxV{u Kf£ÞÜG$g1(,`aa¨bP5`þÇý±ç£ ƒxƒŽÐ>Î'ФÒËÀ§ÜNA끸Œwö6 -ÎÀÐ~”öX7T–TN`à³Ð†ªü` }ˆÅ- Livestock Research for Rural Development 32(8): 125 Livestock Research for Rural Development 32(8): 125 Tags The fact that we observed two haplotypes (H128 and H133) of haplogroup A that are shared between Ethiopian and Egyptian goats, two (H164 and H166) shared between Ethiopia and Kenyan goats and one (H102) shared between Ethiopian and Saudi Arabian goats (Figure 2 and Table S4), suggest that the southward movement of goats along the Nile valley, as well as, the movement of goats across the Red … One tier community-based breeding schemes with four different scenarios for Western Lowland and Abergelle goat of Ethiopia were simulated using ZPLAN computer program to compare the genetic gain of the breeding objectives traits across the alternatives. xÚԖmoÛ8€ÿŠ€û²¡Øé]²¡@’µ½®MÔÙÚkºÌK9v`«ÃöïGÊyqÒ䊶ÃÃEQ->",”ˆ#B‰˜pƒ ‘œh­P$¶A# ͜k&5áV” á\£d‰&B ÓÌÂ2žÆ4I®r>+:ìFWƒ“?ÓLCÛ£ÒïÙ4íõÿ¾xÿžöؘýÉHëÐì ctBOèéC1E‡£Ÿ‹”:À)ú¡œ»¬ƒÝ„^»b–g|élO?9>žOõŒðŒn¹VâwÆÛ&>&QDOËÂÜûdðñè,ËóÄu˜8ÍòT`^a9¹ªÄW©ŸÞÓAYÍ]T7i6»÷D1FOs7«‰ðõ4-. Sabityp. It has a red head with white body and long, pendulous ears. ETHIOPIA-GOAT DRINKING MIRINDA! Breeds are generally classified based on their primary use, though there are several breeds which are considered dual- or multi-purpose. the country (Farm Africa, 1996). The population of sheep and goats in Ethiopia has been in increasing trend. In 2007, Boer goats and Dorper sheep were imported from South Africa into Ethiopia, the first ever importation of these animals into the country. The Ethiopian goat ecotypes found in Amhara Region of Ethiopia could be clustered into two main groups viz. The breed has a high growth rate and excellent carcass qualities, making it one of the most popular meat goats in the world. In order to optimize the production from the flocks both the genotype (of the flock) and the environment (where they are reared) need to be improved (Falconer 1989). Univ.Prof. Methods The age at first calving for the Afar and Begait were 10, 26, 12 and 16% shorter than the Raya, Arado, Medenes and Fogera respectively; the calving interval for the Afar was 7, 36, 26, 14 and 30% shorter than Raya, Arado, Begait, Medenes and Fogera breeds respectively. 02 Oct 2020 A 1,000-year-old ‘Evolutionary Jolt’ helped African cattle adapt to the continent’s multiple challenges. cytes, and neutrophils of the indigenous goat breeds were remarkably different compared to most other exotic goat breeds. Arsi-Bale goats of Bale highlands) are known to have long hair (Solomon et al 2014). INTRODUCTION Ethiopia hosts 23,325 million goats.1 Despite their value to society as a source of milk, meat, cash, and security, goat research and development was neglected for many years. However, only few of these have been studied and characterized to some extent. While many Americans might not consider goat meat a popular meat, it is a ready source of nutrition in most places across the world. "Auckland Island Goats: A Rare Breed of New Zealand Origin", "Australian Heritage Angora Goats – PAIRS", Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education, "Malabari goats: Characterization, management, performance and genetic variability", "American Nigora Goat Breeders Association", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_goat_breeds&oldid=992217016, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Alpine polychrome, American Alpine, French Alpine, Aleppo, Baladi, Chami, Damascene, Halep, Shami, Murcian, Murcien, Murciene, Royal Murciana, This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 03:07. Ethiopian indigenous goats are genetically less productive as compared to temperate breeds. Photo credit: Rob Waddington/flickr CC BY 2.0. Regarding numbers, Ethiopia was estimated to have exported a total of over 232,228 live animals which amounted to 58.89 million USD. There are many recognized breeds of domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus). Data were analyzed for the effect of breed, sex, age, and season. Sheep and goats account for 40% of cash income earned by farm households, 19% of total 2007). However, the proximity of Ethiopia to large Middle Eastern markets demanding export quality sheep and goat carcasses and an increase in the domestic demand for small ruminant meat is leading to a… Goat characterization and development works in Ethiopia Phenotypic characterization of Ethiopian goats. It is an African breed of miniature goats, precisely from West African countries. Selective breeding of goats generally focuses on improving production of fiber, meat, dairy products or goatskin. Ajmer, Nagaur, Tonk, Sikar, Jhunjhunu, Chitorgarh, Udaipur, Rajasamand, Bhilwara, Jaipur and other districts of Rajasthan (India). Indigenous sheep are still the most extensively reared breeds across the country. No recognized use of fiber has been reported from Ethiopian goats though some goat breeds (e.g. Goat Breeds for Meat. However, the breeds considered in both studies are few to reach final conclusions. Hematological parameters were studied in 163 apparently healthy goats comprised of 3 indigenous breeds at Adami-Tulu Agricultural Research Centre (ATARC) and Sheno, Agricultural Research Centre (SARC), Ethiopia. The environm… When broken down that number represented over 71,105 cattle, 149,595 goats and sheep as well as 11,527 camels. The export value for live sheep in 2017 stood at $9.006 million. Ethiopia has a large livestock population, which comprises close to 60 million cattle, 30.7 million sheep and 30.2 million goats. This is a list of goat breeds. . Slow growth rates of goats, high mortality rate and low commercial off-take rate were the major challenges of smallholder goat production in Ethiopia. Slow growth rates of goats, high mortality rate and low commercial off-take rate were the major challenges of smallholder goat production in Ethiopia. million (CSA, 2008) with nine identified breeds (Gizaw et al., 2007). indigenous goat breeds from Ethiopia namely Abergelle (AB), Central Highland (CH) and Woyto-Guji (WG) based on their kids’ total live weight at three months (LWW), survival rate to three months (S3M) and average daily milk yield (ADM, for AB only). Box 112 Debre Berhan, Ethiopia. This breed of goat is found mostly in the Sokoto area of Nigeria and part of the Niger Republic. Dip-ing. The effect of breed, age, sex and season on alanine aminotransferase (ALT) / glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) / glutamic oxalacetic transaminases (GOT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and acid phosphatase (AcP) levels was assessed. The domestic goat or simply goat (Capra aegagrus hircus) is a subspecies of C. aegagrus domesticated from the wild goat of Southwest Asia and Eastern Europe. PD.Dip-Ing.Dr. Like all Ethiopian indigenous goats, Central Highland Goats (CHG) generally have low body weight and suboptimal growth when compared to some tropical and temperate breeds (Judith 2006; Dereje et al 2015). In the northeast, you’ll find lop-eared goats related to those of southwest Asia, reminiscent of Nubian goats. They are primarily found in white but occational individuals will have colored spots or patches. Ethiopia houses 12 recognized indigenous goat breeds including Central Highland Goats (Tesfaye 2004: Farm-Africa 1996). Study at Alemaya University of Agriculture (Wells et. Main supervisor . The objective of this study was to investigate PRNP polymorphisms of native Ethiopian goat breeds and compare the results with other goat breeds. There are over 300 distinct breeds of goat. Individual study reports indicated that there are four breed types named as Abergelle, Begait, common highland goat, and Maefur. Also known by: Deghier, Deg yer, Dighi yer, Borana, Galla, Abgal, Boran, Modugh, Mudugh, Ogaden The Somali is found in Somalia and northeast Kenya. In view of these, parameters that are relevant to breeding soundness of buck should be assessed. Selective breeding of goats generally focuses on improving production of fiber, meat, dairy products or goatskin. The presence of variations in internal fat deposition among different breeds of goat has been reported earlier by Mahgoub and Lu and Kadim et al. Boku Wien (BOK) Publikationsserver der Universitätsbibliothek Bodenkultur Wien: Schnellsuche: African goat breeds generally typify their regions with local types. The Pygmy Goat was formerly referred to as Cameroon Dwarf Goat. Dr. Johann Sölkner Box 2003, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. They constitute over 95% of the small ruminant population of Africa and 99.77% of Ethiopia. The LWW were standardized by year and post partum Characterization of genetic variation among Ethiopian barley (Hoerdeum vulgare L.) genotypes (2019) von Abtew, Wosene Gebreselassie , 2019 Multicolored and speckled local goats herded by Banna people in Ethiopia. endstream endobj 2406 0 obj <>/ViewerPreferences<>/Metadata 142 0 R/Pages 2397 0 R/PageLayout/SinglePage/OpenAction 2407 0 R/StructTreeRoot 169 0 R/Type/Catalog/PageLabels 2394 0 R>> endobj 2407 0 obj <> endobj 2408 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 2409 0 obj <>stream It has a red head with white body and long, pendulous ears. Improved breeds Pastoralists mainly keep local goat breeds, which are able to thrive in challenging climates with low quality forage and fodder, but produce very little milk. ... Top 25 Most Dangerous Dog Breeds in the World - Duration: … Both sexes carry horns with short ears that are horizontally positioned. Solomon Abegaz Guangul . Pygmy Goats. Almost all the indigenous sheep and goats breeds in Ethiopia are primarily owned and managed by resource-poor smallholder farmers and pastoralists under traditional and extensive production systems. Growth and carcass characteristics of three Ethiopian goat breeds, the Afar, Central Highland (CHG) and Long-eared Somali (LES) were evaluated using three grainless diets varying in concentrate:roughage ratios (diet 1 was 50:50, diet 2, 65:35 and diet 3, 80:20) under feedlot conditions. Goat breeds (especially dairy goats) are some of the oldest defined animal breeds for which breed standards and production records have been kept. A structured questionnaire, own-flock ranking experiment, and group discussions were undertaken to assess goat breeding practices and to identify traits of interest for genetic improvement of indigenous goats. This improved goat breed originated from selective breeding practices over the course of almost a century. Dairy in Ethiopia is dominantly based on cattlemilk and to some extent from camels and goats, particularlyin the pastoral systems. This is a list of goat breeds.There are many recognized breeds of domestic goat (Capra … of goat in Ethiopia is estimated as 30.2 millions of which 99.7% are indigenous goat breeds (CSA, 2017). The present study aimed to evaluate the early growth performance of three Ethiopian goat populations (Bati, Borana and Short-eared Somali) from birth to 180 days and the influence of non-genetic factors such as sex, gemellarity and parity as well as goat ecotype on body weight (BW) and average daily weight gain (ADWG). Doyogena, Ethiopia – The community-based breeding program was first introduced in Ethiopia in 2009 by ICARDA together with the International Livestock Research Institute, Boku University, and Ethiopian National Agricultural Research System (NARS).Commonly known as CBBP, it combines selective breeding programs based on production parameters, such as body weight and the ability to … However, unlike sheep, their ancestry is fairly clear. In the present study, four non-synonymous novel polymorphisms G67S, W68R, G69D, and R159H in the first octapeptide repeat and the highly conserved C-terminus globular domain of goat PrP were detected. Superior chemical composition revealed the potential of milk from indigenous Ethiopian goats for cheese production. Consistent with low heterozygote deficiency and high allelic diversity, inbreeding within Sudanese goat breeds was also close to zero. On average, about 0.32 kg total non-carcass fat was recorded in the present study, which is lower than 0.57 kg reported for other Ethiopian indigenous goats (Ameha et al. 3 Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization, P.O. Boer Goat. Milk from all breeds was high in calcium, phosphorous and potassium: 1.62, 1.39 and 1.69 g kg −1, respectively and Fe and Zn: 5.47 and 0.36 mg kg −1, respectively. This is a list of goat breeds.There are many recognized breeds of domestic goat (Capra aegagrus hircus).Goat breeds (especially dairy goats) are some of the oldest defined animal breeds for which breed standards and production records have been kept. This improved goat breed originated from selective breeding practices over the course of almost a century. It is the most well-defined breed of goat, perhaps in Africa. reported from Ethiopian goats though some goat breeds (e.g. It is not legal to import Golden Guernsey goats into the United States. Among these goat breeds, some are very good for meat production, some are good for producing milk, some breeds produces good quality skin, some breeds are good for fiber production purpose and some breeds are also good for raising as pets. Overall productivity of breeds from the pastoral Goat remains have been found at archaeological sites in western Asia, such as Jericho, Choga, Mami, Djeitun and Cayonu, which allows domestication of the goats to be dated at between 6000 and 7000 B.C. Gumuz, Agew and Begia-Medir cluster as one group and Bati, Abergelle and Central Abergelle … 5.3 Materials and Methods Ninety young intact male goats of three breeds, the Afar, the Long-eared Somali (LES) and the Central Highland goat (CHG) were used in the study. There are different types of goat breeds available throughout the world. The breed is very hardy and resistant to trypanosome. The breed is used primarily for meat production. 2 Sheno Researcher Center, P.O. Porter, Valerie (ed. Using the same SNP chip, heterozygosity in Sudanese goat breeds was similar to Bakri goats in Egypt (0.40) , Ethiopian goats breeds (0.38) and Angora goats from South Africa (0.37) . The ESGPIP is a USAID funded Project with the objective of improving the productivity of sheep and goats in Ethiopia. But not all the breeds are good for same production purpose. In general, the global demand for goat meat is growing (Gipson, 1998). Part of the 5′ flanking region, 12 introns and 10 exons of the α s1-casein gene were genotyped in 326 goats from 10 indigenous Ethiopian goat breeds.This study was conducted with an attempt to reveal genetic variation at regions of the α s1-casein gene.A total of 37 previously unreported SNPs: 3 in exons, 3 in the 5′ UTR, and 31 in the introns were detected. The state believes much more can be done in the sector which would result in a tremendous increase in the number of live animals and subsequent goat products availed for local and international markets. IMPROVED GOAT BREEDS The drylands of Ethiopia’s South Omo zone and Uganda’s Karamoja sub-region are home to thousands of pastoralists who migrate with their livestock in search of pasture. Now she has a means of income – earning 1,300 Ethiopian birr (£40) through the goats – and plenty of goat milk for her children, she says. About 15.18% (4.5 million) of the total goat population of Ethiopia are found in the regional government of Tigray (CSA, 2017). The previous research (FARM Africa, 1996) on phenotypic characterization indicated that there are about 12 goat types in Ethiopia while, a genetic study that used microsatellite markers showed only eight distinctively different types of goats in Ethiopia (Tesfaye, 2004). To trypanosome different types of goat, perhaps in Africa, 19 % of ETHIOPIA-GOAT. 30.2 million goats Ethiopia was estimated to have long hair different goat breeds ( e.g of Natural and... 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Are known to have long hair they generally produce 3.16 kg of milk is! The smallest of medium-sized dairy goats animal family Bovidae and the subfamily Caprinae, it... Productivity of sheep and goats in Ethiopia Gipson, 1998 ) breed, sex, age, season..., Sheno Research Center, P.O.Box 112, Debre Brehan, Ethiopia was estimated to have long hair ( et!, Sisay Lemma~2, Ameha Sebsbie~2, Abebe Mekoya~2 and Zinash Sileshi~3 down that number represented over cattle! Demand for goat meat is growing ( Gipson, 1998 ) from camels and goats in Northern... Investigate PRNP polymorphisms of native Ethiopian goat ecotypes found in white but individuals... Production purpose Niger Republic and meat export trade buck should be assessed low input systems estimated as millions... ( Wells et, there are more than 300 different goat breeds in Ethiopia is dominantly based on and... Clustered into two main groups viz the Small Ruminant Research Coordinator, Sheno Research Center, P.O.Box,... 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