When compared with the size of the overall population, the number of deaths in acts of “violence against civilians” listed by ACLED offers a rough idea of how intense a country’s violence is. As of August 2019, there were 144 victims of multiple homicides, but Ayestas explained that the figures cannot be compared due to the curfew in force this year. Central America’s Northern Triangle – encompassing El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras – is one of the most violent regions in the world outside of a warzone. Ward, Thomas W. (2013). Transnational gangs or maras have proliferated in the wake of decades of civil war and are largely responsible for a per capita death rate that rivals that in Syria. According to the Small Arms Survey’s report, of the five countries with the highest violent death rates in 2016 – Syria, El Salvador, Venezuela, Honduras, and Afghanistan – only two had armed conflicts. I began my journalistic career in Central America at a time when it was wracked by terrible violence. External links. This violence has also generated a marked upsurge in forced displacement within countries, across the region and northwards into the United States and Mexico. Violence in Central America. Girls and boys are at risk of recruitment, whereas women can experience intimidation and sexual violence as a means of control by gang members. Central America’s Northern Triangle – encompassing El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras – is one of the most violent regions in the world outside of a warzone. Découvrez et achetez Political movements and violence in central america. In Honduras, children face an especially dire situation. Three of the deadliest 12 countries are in Central and South America. About one-third are naturalized U.S. citizens, and they tend to participate in the labor force at a higher rate than foreign- and U.S.-born adults. (Photo by Jaetguz / Wikimedia Commons.). The violence currently devastating Central America involves multiple actors competing with each other to establish a sort of tribal control over resources or territory, relying heavily on the use of armed threats, extortion and retaliation against communities. OIJ recorded 560 total homicides in 2019, according to the organization’s leader, Walter Espinoza. Guatemala continues to accompany Honduras with high levels of homicides, while El Salvador maintains a substantial reduction, which specialists attribute to actions taken by the government of Nayib Bukele. Transnational gangs or maras have proliferated in the wake of decades of civil war and are largely responsible for a per capita death rate that rivals that in Syria. As of May, 37,000 Guatemalans had been detained in the US for 2019, the highest percentage of Central American migrants. Levels of Violence Crime and violence in Central America have multiple drivers, but none appears more responsible for the dramatic increase in violence than the illegal drug trade. But pre-existing turf wars, coupled with growing scarcity of resources and accelerating fragmentation in some criminal groups, have entailed ongoing – if not intensified – clashes among … Here is an analysis of the main causes of poverty in Central America. In the years following the transitions from authoritarianism to democracy, crime and violence have become major problems in … citizen security and subvert government authority in parts of Central America. Photo: Ana Karina Delgado Diaz/NRC, Yoselyn, 15, from Honduras was kidnapped by grown-up gang members after a conflict between her and another girl in her class. According to the Honduran police, 2,322 murders were registered as of mid-August 2019, and in the same period of 2020 there were 1,934, in a population of 9.3 million inhabitants. 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