The air of these cities is polluted to a level where you no longer can stay a healthy life there. According to Greenpeace, Sofia in Bulgaria boasted the highest levels of PM2.5 particulates in Europe in 2018, and placed 21st among all large cities in the world. The 28 cities on this list all have a PM2.5 concentration of at least 85 micrograms per cubic meter or more. You can be assured our editors closely monitor every feedback sent and will take appropriate actions. But the density and type of pollutants can vary from town to town, and sometimes from block to block, depending on whether one is next to an expressway or inside an urban island of leafy green. Bosnia and Herzegovina is the highest ranking country in Europe for PM2.5 pollution, There are several arguments that resulted in this conclusion. The most polluted urban area in Macedonia is Tetovo which has a mean PM10 level of about 140 micrograms per cubic meters followed by Skopje (74 micrograms per cubic meters). More than half of the total population of the world lives in cities these days. Europe: Pollution Index by City 2018 Chart: Pollution Index Select date: 2020 Mid-Year 2020 2019 Mid-Year 2019 2018 Mid-Year 2018 2017 Mid-Year 2017 2016 Mid-Year 2016 2015 Mid-Year 2015 2014 Mid-Year 2014 2013 2012 Ceglie Messapica in Southern Italy is also number 8 in the Europe ranking (with an annual average of 30.7 micrograms of fine particulate per cubic meter last year). The highest levels are generally found along the Mediterranean in spring and summer, when hundreds of thousands of sun-seekers descend upon the region. This includes previously unseen data from Pakistan’s first public monitoring network of sensors. Europe’s most polluted cities are found in Bosnia and Herzegovina, North Macedonia and Kosovo. However, the European Environment Agency’s (EEA) latest official data show that almost all Europeans still suffer from air pollution, leading to about 400,000 premature deaths across the continent. MXene-coated fabric could contain electronic interference in wearable devices. “Within Europe, 2019’s PM2.5 levels were generally found to be highest in Eastern and Southern Europe, with the cleanest cities and regions mostly found in Northern and Western Europe. Ulaanbaatar is the twentieth most polluted city in the world as of the middle of 2019. According to GreenMatch’s findings, Turkey is the most polluted, and Sweden is the cleanest European country. Marked improvement in Europe's air quality over past decade, fewer deaths linked to pollution Better air quality has led to a significant reduction of premature deaths over the past decade in Europe. Of the 10 most polluted cities in the world, nine are in India. The biggest problem in Italy is the lack of awareness by citizens. Turin and Milan, meanwhile, are also plagued by high levels of ozone and nitrogen oxides, produced mainly by petrol- and diesel-burning engines. Neither your address nor the recipient's address will be used for any other purpose. This has caused Luanda to become one of the most expensive cities in the world, slowing down its growth. [6] In Southeast Asia: Jakarta and Hanoi are Southeast Asia’s two most polluted cities. Pollution Index by City 2020 Mid-Year. The pollution comes in the form of sulfur oxide and nitrogen oxide, two of the biggest pollutants that come from large cruise ships. That variability makes it nearly impossible to say with accuracy which of Europe's cities have the most befouled air. IQAir . Thank you for taking your time to send in your valued opinion to Science X editors. In western Europe, many cities have NO2 levels well in excess of EU-wide standards. “Air pollution continues to present varied challenges across different parts of Europe, as only 36% of European cities with PM2.5 monitoring in place met the WHO’s annual target for PM2.5,” the report reads. IQAir collected data on toxic fine particulate (PM2.5 or particulates < 2.5µm, whose diameters are less than 2.5 micrometers), whose deleterious health impacts are particularly serious as they can be drawn deep into the lungs and may cause and respiratory problems. While PM2.5 emission sources vary considerably across the continent, common sources include energy production and use, industry, agriculture and livestock, road transport, and households and commercial buildings.”. Over half of the air pollution in Poland comes from domestic boilers and furnaces, says Piotr Siergiej from Polish Smog Alert, an organisation aiming to make Polish air clean and compliant with Polish and European air quality standards). Meeting WHO standards for small particle air pollution would add up to 1.5 years to people's lives in this region, the Air Quality Life Index shows. Identify the news topics you want to see and prioritize an order. the Science X network is one of the largest online communities for science-minded people. Romania’s capital Bucharest is the 9th most polluted out of a ranking of 96 cities in Europe with a pollution index ranking of 73.60, in mid-2015. Your opinions are important to us. To find out more, read our Privacy Policy. Close behind in the Greenpeace ranking—confirmed by EAA figures for 2016—were Warsaw, Bucharest, Nicosia, Prague, Bratislava, Budapest, Paris and Vienna. IQAir also showed that air pollution continues to pose one of the biggest threats to human health, with 90% of the global population breathing unsafe air. Science X Daily and the Weekly Email Newsletters are free features that allow you to receive your favourite sci-tech news updates. … As you might expect, Chinese cities are some of the most polluted in the world, with Beijing (3rd), Guangzhou (6th) and Shanghai (7th) all making the top 10. Across the EU, an Italian city recorded the worst levels. Other cities like Bitola and Veles rank among the mo… Table 1 shows the start of the quarantine or the alarm status of the world’s most polluted capitals. Similar figures also appeared in flat industrialized areas such as the Po Valley. On a local level, anti-smog resolutions were adopted ordering the liquidation of the oldest boilers. EAA figures for 2016 also show that Krakow and Katowice exceed the recommended annual limits of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and ozone. By the end of February, an air quality dashboard showing real-time measurements from low-cost air cubes in Modena (number 38 in Europe, 9 in Italy) will provide measurements of four polluting gas in different areas within the city. Romania is number 54, followed by Slovakia (61), Hungary (66), Lithuania (67), Czech Republic (68), Latvia (69), Belgium (70), France (71) and Austria (72). Numbeo.com … The population of this city is 1.4 million people. The WHO says these should not exceed, on average, 10 microgrammes per cubic metre of air (10 mcg/m3) per year. Science X Daily and the Weekly Email Newsletter are free features that allow you to receive your favorite sci-tech news updates in your email inbox, © Phys.org 2003 - 2020 powered by Science X Network. Tetovo in Macedonia – a city of 50,000 near the Kosovo border – has the worst PM2.5 air pollution in Europe, according to the WHO data. Optional (only if you want to be contacted back). Also, the process of liquidating old furnaces is going very slowly. In South Asia: out of 20 most polluted cities in the world, 18 are in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. © 2020 Forbes Media LLC. Lunda is now the most polluted city in the world. All across the continent, tens of millions of people live and work in areas where average air pollution levels are well above the maximum limits recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia PM5 Pollution: 9.2 micrograms. Of the 100 most polluted cities in the world in 2018, 99 were in Asia, according to a global report on annual air pollution levels by Beijing-based monitoring firm AirVisual and environmental group Greenpeace published on Thursday.. Half of the world’s 50 most polluted cities are in India, and 22 are in China, with Pakistani and Bangladeshi cities making up the rest. Bosnia and Herzegovina also houses cities that topped Europe’s most polluted, most notably the city of Tuzla. Another dark spot on Europe's pollution map is southern Poland, dense with coal-fired power plants and wood-burning. “For fighting air pollution in such risky areas for the protection of human health, new tools are needed to help gather additional insights about local environmental conditions in the city, to in-deep and extensively monitoring urban air quality, to hypothesize and test new effective scenario that might fix the air pollution issue, to go over the actual traffic limitation rules that have been shown to be inadequate in these contexts.”. The 2018 version of the WHO database contains results of ambient (outdoor) air pollution monitoring from almost 2700 towns and cities in 91 countries. But it is possible to pick out hotspot regions, and rank urban areas by type of pollutant. The Bosnian capital, Sarajevo, is the most polluted European city with an annual average of 38.4 µg/m3. The GAIA air quality monitoring stations are using high-tech laser particle sensors to measure in real-time PM2.5 pollution, which is one of the most harmful air pollutants. Its growth rate has been so fast that millions of people flocked into the city for work. Dhaka, Bangladesh Credit: ALAMY The 20 countries with the most polluted urban areas Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own. Across the EU, an Italian city recorded the worst levels. 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Your feedback will go directly to Science X editors. My reporting of migration and politics appeared on various outlets, including Deutsche Welle, Al Jazeera, Euronews, Open Migration and SciDev.Net. The FYR Macedonia is one of the most polluted European nations with the PM10 levels in some cities exceeding the recommended concentration. “Moving away from coal as a source of energy is the way forward for Poland and it will still take years for that transition to happen.”, “For Italy, especially the northern part of Italy, the air pollution comes from emissions of the industry and transport. You are looking at Pollution Index 2020 Mid-Year. When spring arrives in Skopje, the capital, locals put away their face masks until autumn when smog starts to spike again. Before that, I handled market analysis, visualisations and investigations as Property Week’s data journalist. The high number of polluted cities in central Europe is directly linked to the continuing use of coal to generate electricity, experts say. Turkey is the most polluted country in Europe with an overall score of 6.1/10. “In Poland, the use of coal power plants is one of the main drivers for air pollution, especially in the winter heating season when the electricity demand surge and the weather conditions are creating temperature inversions,” Boquillod explained. The government support program is completed in only 3%. Turkey. It is not easy for economical and social reasons, but it is the only solution for heavily polluted polish towns and villages. Using a weighted population average, Bangladesh emerges as the most polluted country for PM2.5 exposure, based on available data. Skopje and Sarajevo … List of TOP 10 highly polluted cities of the world in 2019. Download the IQAir AirVisual world air quality report. Pakistan, Mongolia, Afghanistan and India follow behind respectively, deviating from one another by less than 10%. Find out the most polluted cities in the world in 2019. The Most Polluted Countries. 20. Once connected, air pollution levels are reported instantaneously and in real-time on our maps Please, allow us to send you push notifications with new Alerts. Society expects bigger financial support from local and national governments.”. Here are the 20 most polluted cities in the world for 2019. A tale of two cities: Is air pollution improving in Paris and London? “Each year about 4 million polish households equipped with old solid fuel furnaces burn 12 million tonnes of coal and an unknown amount of wood. The dust storms and other natural activities are another cause. Without a strong awareness, there will be limited demand for a change from Italian citizens.”. On maps prepared by the European Environment Agency (EEA), Italy's Po Valley is covered with a wide, stain-like blotch of air pollution from the Ligurian Sea in the west to the Adriatic, held in place by the towering Alps to the north. On January 14, 2020, in Krakow, Poland. “Making the invisible visible is the mantra repeated by environmental activists to increase the awareness in citizens and politicians on this tremendous silent killer,” said Laura Po, associate professor at University of Modena and Reggio Emilia and the leader of the EU project TRAFAIR. We do not guarantee individual replies due to extremely high volume of correspondence. Italy's polluted Po Valley gasps for fresh air, Interactive map shows air quality in real time across Europe, China air pollution shifts west in first quarter: Greenpeace, Air pollution causes 800,000 extra deaths a year in Europe and 8.8 million worldwide, German lawmakers raise hurdle for diesel bans, Climate models overestimate natural variability, Some droughts during the Indian monsoon are due to unique North Atlantic disturbances, What caused the ice ages? I am currently based in Brussels, where I work as a freelancer for ANSA, Forbes, The Beam Magazine and the European data journalist network EDJNet, while I edit Headquarters. Even wind-swept southern Europe has not escaped high levels of air pollution, notably ozone, which is created by a chemical reaction—triggered by sunlight—between nitrogen oxides (NOx) and volatile organic compounds. IQAir ranking: Europe's most polluted cities. Whittled down from the WHO’s study of over 4,000 cities in 100 countries, University Magazine. Big cities across Europe are often plagued by choking emissions from petrol- and diesel-burning engines. In the list of countries from worst to best, Poland and Italy are number 53 and 59 respectively. Kanpur from India; Kanpur city located in Uttar Pradesh has the 11 th most urban population in the Indian region. London tops the list, with an average annual concentration of 89 mcg/m3, followed by Paris (83), Stuttgart (82), Munich (80), Marseille (79), Lyon (71), Athens (70) and Rome (65). It highlights that elevated air pollution levels are a result of climate change events, like sandstorms and wildfires, while pollution gains from the rapid urbanization of cities in regions such as Southeast Asia. With PM10 level is of 332 and PM2.5 is at 182. Ceglie Messapica in Southern Italy is also number 8 in the Europe … One of the most important guidelines carried out by the WHO in matters of air quality is not to exceed 10 μg/m 3 of annual average concentration or 25 μg/m 3 of 24-h concentrations, for that reason Meteosim (2019), presents the cities that exceed 10 μg/m 3 of annual average in the year 2018. According to a survey conducted by the WHO, here is the list of the 10 most polluted cities in the world in 2019: The information you enter will appear in your e-mail message and is not retained by Tech Xplore in any form. To identify the world’s most polluted cities, 24/7 Tempo reviewed the average annual concentration of particulate matter in nearly 1,300 cities. Big cities beset with gridlocked traffic, major regions producing coal, pockets of heavy industry encased by mountains—Europe's air pollution hotspots are clearly visible from space on most sunny weekdays. 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